Ladies who have had unprotected sex or utilized a birth control method that failed or used wrong might get worried about getting pregnant. Emergency contraception, or post-coital contraception, is a type of birth control that can be used in such situations. The treatment, for the most part, is held for explicit circumstances and is definitely not an ordinary method of birth control.
Crises incorporate being assaulted, having a condom sever or slip during sex, or missing at least two birth control pills during a month to month cycle. Emergency oral contraception is utilized to forestall pregnancy, not end one. They work basically by postponing ovulation. Emergency contraception doesn’t secure against explicitly transmitted ailments. It isn’t RU-466, the drug used to initiate premature births.
Types of emergency contraception
There are 2 types of emergency contraception: Pills and IUD. As in pill form, there are 3 sub-types that are available both with and without a prescription.
Levonorgestrel is a hormone that explicitly used for emergency contraception. It is accessible to anybody over the counter without a prescription or age limitations.
There are multiple over-the-counter brands for pills that contain levonorgestrel, such as; ‘My Way’, ‘Plan B One-Step’, ‘Preventeza’, and ‘Make a move’.
Another type of emergency contraception pill is called ulipristal (Ella, EllaOne). You need a prescription to get it.
Ella is a non-hormonal pill. It contains ulipristal, a non-hormonal medication that hinders the impacts of key hormones vital for origination. It is accessible just by prescription.
Regular Birth control pills
Regular birth control pills can likewise be utilized as emergency contraception, yet you need to take more than each pill, in turn, to shield from getting pregnant. This methodology works, yet it is not so much viable but rather more liable to cause queasiness than levonorgestrel. Birth control pills require a prescription. Converse with your PCP or medical caretaker to ensure you are taking the right pills and portion.
How Do Emergency prophylactic pills Work?
Levonorgestrel emergency contraception may keep pregnancy by incidentally blocking eggs from being discharged, by halting preparation, or by shielding a treated egg from getting implanted in the uterus. Levonorgestrel is taken in one portion with one pill. Its viability relies upon how soon you take the pill. It ought to be taken at the earliest opportunity – inside 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. When Levonorgestrel is taken as guided, it can diminish the opportunity of pregnancy by near 90%.
Ella can be taken as long as 120 hours after sex. It is taken as one tablet in one portion.
An IUD can be embedded to forestall pregnancy. The device works by halting implantation of a treated egg in the uterus and must be set inside 5 days of having unprotected intercourse.
How Effective Is Emergency Contraception?
On the off chance that levonorgestrel is taken as coordinated after unprotected sex, it will diminish the odds of pregnancy occurring. Around 7 out of each 8 ladies who might have gotten pregnant don’t get pregnant. In any case, investigation shows that levonorgestrel begins to lose its adequacy in ladies who are overweight or large. Rather, an IUD is the recommended alternative right now.
In two revealed examines, Ella essentially diminished the pregnancy rate from a normal pace of 5.5% and 5.6% to 2.2% and 1.9%, individually. In a pooled examination of the information, the adequacy didn’t blur for 120 hours after unprotected sex.
An IUD can be up to 99% powerful when embedded inside 5 to 7 days after unprotected intercourse.
Where Can I Get Emergency Contraception?
Emergency prophylactic pills are accessible at Planned Parenthood; school, open, and ladies’ wellbeing habitats; private specialists; and some medical clinic emergency rooms.
A few specialists will endorse Emergency prophylactic pills via telephone and call the prescription into a drug store. As referenced above, levonorgestrel is accessible at drug stores without a prescription.
Who Should Not Use Emergency prophylactic pills?
Levonorgestrel won’t influence an implanted pregnancy. Ella ought not to be utilized by ladies who are as of now pregnant or might be pregnant. The hazard to a human embryo is obscure. Creature contemplates have shown the danger of fatal misfortune.
Ladies who have a ceaseless ailment should check with their primary care physician or human services supplier before utilizing this method of emergency contraception.
Are There Any Side Effects Associated With Emergency Contraception Pills?
The most well-known symptoms related to emergency contraception pills include:
- Stomach torment
- Cerebral pain
- Menstrual changes
You can get some information about approaches to decrease sickness. They may suggest some additional medication for you to take before you use emergency prophylactic pills.